Ramadan is the ninth month of Islamic Calendar. Muslims around the world fast during this month. They are prohibited to eat, drink and sexual intercourse during daytime in this month. Not only this but during Ramadan fasting they are strictly prohibited for any evil activity or even thought. But do you know Why Do Muslims Fast During Ramadan?
Why Do Muslims Fast During Ramadan?
To get the answer of this question “Why Do Muslims Fast During Ramadan“. We have to get into the history. The Quran was revealed to Prophet SAW Muhammad (PBUH). The night when the Quran was revealed is known as Laylat-al-Qadra means “The Night of Power“. No one knows the exact date of this night. But it is believed that it was an odd number days during the last 10 days of Ramadan.
Muslims Fast During Ramadan because it is 4th of the Five Pillars of Islam. So it is fard for every muslim. But Allah intends for our ease not for hardship so if someone is not healthy or in journey, he/she can leave fasting and complete it in some other days. But still he/she has to complete the equal number of fasting days in some other months.. For peoples who cannot fast due to some genuine reason like (ill, breastfeeding, elderly, terminally etc) a compensate can be given which is feeding a poor every day of fasting not observed. This is called Fidya and it is mentioned in Quran.
Fasting is Means to Attaining Taqwa
In the Holdy Quran Chapter 2 Verse 183 it is said that
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous”.
Taqwa implies guarding ourselfs from evil activity. It purifies our hearts.
Who Should Fast
I told who Why Do Muslims Fast During Ramadan. Now I will tell you who should fast and who should not? As Fasting is mandatory of every Muslim after the age of puberty if he is sane and healthy.
If someone is mentally retarded, physically not able to observe fast, or ill fasting is not mandatory of him. Same for women, if she is mentally retarded or physically not able, other than these two if a women is menstruating or experiencing post childbirth bleeding she should not observe fast.
But if you are healthy and can fast you have to fast on the day time for the whole month of Ramadan. As it is a Fard for every Muslim.
It means atonement or expiation. If someone breaks fast on fasting period he/she should fast for 60 consecutive days. Alternatively he/she should feed 60 poor people. Or should donate the amount equal to the cost of feeding 60 poors.
- Fasting in the Month of Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
- Fasting is compulsory for every Muslim after the age of puberty. (But if someone is ill or on journey he should complete the fast in other days. For women if she is in menstruating condition or post child birth bleeding she should complete the fast in other days).
- For some very genuine reasons if you are not able to fast, alternatively you can feed a poor for each day of fast or donate the equal amount of money.
In this year Ramadan is starting from 26th May. So this week is very big for every muslim. There are around 1.2 billion muslim in the world and Islam is the world’s second largest religion. And everyone is preparing for this Holy Month of Ramadan. Happy Ramadan to All.