Shab e Barat is the mid of the month Sha’ban in Islamic Lunar Calendar. There is nothing about Shab e Barat in Quran. But some Muslims specially from India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh consider the 15th night of the month Sha’ban as a special night. They pray all night perform namaz and recite Quran. In this post we will understand the concept of Shab e Barat in the light of the Holy Quran.
What is Shab e Barat?
According to some muslims the 15h night of Sha’ban is a very special night and we should pray all night and visit graveyards on the next morning. The 15th night of month Sha’ban is called Shab e Barat.
Shab e Barat in Quran
Often people give reference of the following verse from the Quran.
Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind].
On that night is made distinct every precise matter (Quran 44:3-4)
But the night mentioned here is not Sha’ban as it is clearly said that it is the night when Quran was revealed. And from the following verses.
The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful. (Quran 2:185)
It is clear that the Quran was revealed in the month of Ramadan. So the night mentioned here is obviously not Sha’ban.
Some Beliefs of this Shab e Barat
- Spirits of deceased will come back to meet their relatives.
- The decision about life and death of peoples are taken in this night.
- There is a tree in the heaven and on the leaves written the name of all the humans. Each leaf contain a name and if the leaf falls on this night the name written on the leaf will die this year.
All these are misconceptions and does not refer to the Teaching of Quran and authentic hadith.
Shab e Barat in Quran is not mentioned. So it is Biddah (Innovation). And innovation is not allowed in Islam. At a brief we conclude the following points.
- There is no specific Salah for this night.
- The night mentioned in Quran is not Mid Sha’ban but it is the night of qadra which is in Ramadan.
- Visiting graveyards is not a characteristic of this night, as many hadith says that Prophet Muhammad SAW (PBUH) would visit graveyards on the last portion of the many nights.
- Fasting on 15th Sha’ban is not proven from Hadith. Infact the Prophet used to fast excessively in this month.
- Cooking specific food on this day has no basis in Quran and Sunnah.
So Shab e Barat in Quran is not mentioned and it is a Biddah. Don’t engage yourselves in Biddah as success lies in the Commands of Allah SWT and in the teaching of Prophet Muhammad Salallahu Alaihi Wasallam (Peace be upon him).